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Citation: Frisch S How cognitive neuroscience could be more biological—and what it might learn from clinical neuropsychology. The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Toggle navigation. Login Register Login using. You can login by using one of your existing accounts.
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Forgot Password? This article is part of the Research Topic Critical Neuroscience: The context and implications of human brain research View all 22 Articles. Suggest a Research Topic. The Winner is … Localizationism? Modularity: A Must-Have? Is Equipotentialism the Answer? Is Sick Just Different? Cognitive Neuroscience in a Vat To isolate phenomena experimentally is a way to study them, but it creates problems, as we have seen.
The Work Bench Engine View of the Brain One might object that the Shallice and Burgess example only demonstrates that the everyday life context is important to find appropriate tasks. Conclusion In midth century Germany, a group of scientists aimed at establishing materialism in natural science, also with respect to the mind. Conflict of Interest Statement The author declares that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
Bethe worked as a physiologist at Frankfurt University at the same time as Goldstein. He demonstrated that the amputation of extremities in animals such as insects, crab and mammals led to a re-coordination of movements in a way that came as close as possible to the abilities before the damage. Bethe demonstrated that this adaptation occurred immediately and spontaneously that is, without learning , independent of higher cortical control and in a way that could not have been pre-programmed Bethe, Similar to Goldstein, Bethe originally came from a localizationist tradition, which he abandoned in the course of his experimental work.
With this interpretation, however, Friston and Price seem to equate neural modularity with cognitive modularity from the beginning. By contrast, Sporns , p. In fact, the idea of mental modules being identical to neural modules seems to undermine the very idea of robustness rather than to corroborate it. Furthermore, claims in favor of modularity from an evolutionary perspective selective structural changes in response to functional adaptations seem very appealing at first sight, though much less supported by empirical evidence as one might think see Anderson and Finlay, On the contrary, despite interesting exceptions, data seem to support the view that neurons engage in multiple, diverse behaviors in very different kinds of species ibid.
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A central figure in this respect is the philosopher Aron Gurwitsch, a disciple of Edmund Husserl from onwards. Gurwitsch came to Frankfurt a few years later to work together with Kurt Goldstein and his most important collaborator, the Gestalt Psychologist Adhemar Gelb esp. Gurwitsch had to flee Nazi Germany in to Paris. Moran, , ff. Many of these issues coined the embodiment approach Thompson, , p. Hans Jonas got to know both Gurwitsch Jonas, and Goldstein Jonas, already in Germany, and all three became colleagues in their shared U.
Hans Jonas, a disciple of Husserl and Heidegger, saw Goldstein as a major influence Jonas, and important issues from his work Jonas, seem to reflect this influence e. References Alderman, N. Keywords: clinical neuropsychology, kurt goldstein, localization, embodiment, psychological experiments, critical neuroscience Citation: Frisch S How cognitive neuroscience could be more biological—and what it might learn from clinical neuropsychology. Edited by: Daniel S. Such a state is common in everyday life and also important to several clinical disorders but has yet to be […] Read More. When the brain is deprived of input from one sense, such as hearing, it often compensates […] Read More.
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